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Cochrane

Cochrane Review: Statins are Effective Even Without Indications of Cardiovascular Disease

Conclusion Of 1000 people treated with a statin for five years, 18 would avoid a major CVD event which compares well with other treatments used for preventing cardiovascular disease. Taking statins did not increase the risk of serious adverse effects such as cancer. Statins are likely to be cost-effective in primary prevention. Reductions in all-cause mortality, major vascular events and revascularisations were found with no excess of adverse events among people without evidence of CVD treated with statins. Abstract Cardiovascular…

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Blood Pressure Targets for Hypertension in Older Adults

blood pressure seniors heartcurrents

Review question What is the optimal blood pressure (BP) target when treating older adults with high blood pressure? Background Elevated BP in older adults is common and higher pressures increase the risk of adverse health events such as stroke, heart attack, heart failure, and death. Lowering BP with drugs has been shown to reduce the risk of these serious health events but the optimal BP target when treating older adults is not known. Study characteristics We systematically retrieved all randomised…

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Cochrane Review: Dietary Fiber

Conclusion: The pooled analyses for CVD risk factors suggest reductions in total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol with increased fibre intake, and reductions in diastolic blood pressure . Background Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are a group of conditions affecting the heart and blood vessels. CVD is a global burden and varies between regions, and this variation has been linked in part to dietary factors. Such factors are important because they can be modified to help with CVD prevention and management.This review assessed…

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